Cardiovascular Treatment Table
Co Enzyme Q10
Because coenzyme Q10 is part of the respiratory chain as an electron/proton carrier, it functions in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the mitochondria of the cell. CoQ10 has also been shown to exhibit activity as a free radical scavenger and antioxidant. The theory of CoQ10 supplementation posits that consumption of CoQ10 increases tissue and mitochondrial CoQ10 levels and supports ATP production as well as serving an antioxidant function. Coenzyme Q-10 is used widely to treat heart conditions -particularly heart failure (HF), but also angina, heart rhythm disorders, and high blood pressure. Heart failure was formerly called congestive heart failure (CHF). In Japan, coenzyme Q-10 has been prescribed for treating HF since 1974. In several published studies of individuals with HF, taking coenzyme Q-10 has generally reduced symptoms such as shortness of breath, sleep problems, and swelling that are associated with HF. It is believed that coenzyme Q-10 may increase energy production in the heart muscle, which may cause the heart to beat with more force. The best overall results occurred for individuals who took coenzyme Q-10 along with other prescription drugs for HF. Even though coenzyme Q-10 may not affect heart function directly, it does appear to promote relaxation in both arteries and veins. Therefore, taking it may help relieve angina and reduce high blood pressure. In a recent study, a small number of heart patients who received coenzyme Q-10 and other antioxidants along with moderate exercise and stress-reduction counseling for about a month before heart surgery, generally recovered physical and emotional activity faster than patients who had no supplements, exercise, or counseling. Coenzyme Q-10 cannot replace prescription medications, however, and it may interfere with their effects. A doctor should be consulted before coenzyme Q-10 is started to treat HF or any other heart condition.
Take 50mg to 100mg daily. If you are using chronic medication for blood pressure or cholesterol, you should use Co Enzyme Q10 with these to prevent deficiencies.
A component of foods, lecithin sometimes is called phosphatidylcholine. In the body, it separates into several different compounds, including choline, a water-soluble nutrient related to the B vitamins. Found throughout the body, choline helps maintain cell structure, plays a key role in the breakdown of fats in the diet, transports cholesterol, and provides raw materials for the production of certain essential substances.
Take 1200mg daily. Do not consume more than 35oomg per day.
L-carnitine plays a key role in cellular energy production. It is essential for beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria. To enter the mitochondria, fatty acids must bind to coenzyme A, forming fatty acyl-CoA. Long-chain fatty acyl-CoA molecules are too large to cross the internal mitochondrial membrane and rely on enzymatic transportation that requires L-carnitine. In the mitochondria, fatty acids undergo beta-oxidation to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and L-acetyl-carnitine is excreted to begin a new transport cycle. Most L-carnitine in the body is found in cardiac and skeletal muscle.
Take 2000mg to 6000mg daily. If you are taking blood thinning medication like warfarin, do not use more than 1000mg of L-carnitine per day.
Resveratrol is used for atherosclerosis, lowering cholesterol levels, increasing HDL cholesterol levels.
Take 200mg daily. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using this product. If you are using blood thinning medication, like warfarin, avoid using this.
Vitamin E is commonly used for treating and preventing cardiovascular disease, including slowing atherogenesis and preventing heart attacks. It is used orally for angina, thrombophlebitis, intermittent claudication, hypertension, and preventing ischemia-reperfusion injury after coronary artery bypass surgery.
Take 400IU daily. Higher doses should be taken under the supervision of your healthcare practitioner. If you are using blood thinning medication, like warfarin, avoid using this.
Calcium and Magnesium
Evidence from large population studies, such as the Health Professionals Follow-up studies from Harvard’s School of Public Health, have suggested that greater magnesium intake is significantly associated with a lower risk of hypertension. Large prospective intervention trials, such as the DASH study (Dietary Approaches to Stopping Hypertension) have also shown that high blood pressure can be significantly lowered by a diet high in magnesium, potassium, and calcium (and also low in sodium and fat). These findings may suggest why diets that are high in fruits and vegetables, which also tend to be rich sources of potassium and magnesium, are also consistently associated with lower blood pressure.
The Daily Reference Intakes (DRI) recommend the following daily intakes for calcium: 1,300mg for ages 9-18; 1,000mg for adults aged 19-50; and 1,200mg for adults over age 50. For postmenopausal women not taking hormone replacement therapy, 1,500mg/day of calcium is recommended.
Folic acid 0.5 to 5 mg/day alone reduces homocysteine levels by 27% to 30%, but addition of Vitamin B6 (50 to 250 mg/day) produces greater reductions and is generally recommended. Adding vitamin B12 (0.5 mg/day) to folic acid therapy produces an additional decrease in homocysteine levels of about 7% on average.
Red Yeast Rice
Red yeast contains ten mevinic acids, also known as monacolins, the highest concentration of which is constituted by lovastatin. These compounds, which constitute about 0.4% of red rice, competitively inhibit 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, blocking cholesterol biosynthesis. Red yeast also contains sterols, including beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, and sapogenin; isoflavones and isoflavone glycosides; and monounsaturated fatty acids. Although the cholesterol lowering effect is likely partially caused by the lovastatin content, it is unclear to what extent. The overall cholesterol-lowering effect of red yeast is likely also the result of the combination of lovastatin, mevinic acids, and other constituents.
Take 600mg twice daily. This product must be used with 50mg of Co Enzyme Q10. If you have a liver disorder avoid using this.
For the treatment of raised homocysteine levels combine folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. Combine the use of Co Enzyme Q10 with all chronic precription medication for raised blood pressure and high cholesterol.